Automobile crashes are the most common cause of preventable childhood injuries and fatalities—preventable because proper use of child safety seats reduces crash-related injuries and fatalities by 60 percent in the age group birth to 4 years old. National studies conducted in 1994 revealed that, although 87.2 percent of the children observed in the studies had been placed in child safety seats, the frequency of proper use was only 20.5 percent.
The State of Ohio has enacted a primary child occupant protection law which addresses both the use and proper use of child restraints. The law has been instrumental in increasing the use of child safety restraints and decreasing injuries to children involved in vehicle crashes. However, in recent studies conducted in Cuyahoga County, proper child safety seat use was only 20 percent.